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Astrophysics Research Centre

School of Mathematics and Physics

Fast magnetic reconnection supported by sporadic small-scale Petschek-type shocks

  • Submitted by: Takuya Shibayama, Nagoya University
  • Authors: T. Shibayama, K. Kusano, T. Miyoshi, T. Nakabou, G. Vekstein
  • Session: Tuesday afternoon posters.

Magnetic reconnection is a process of changing the connectivity of magnetic field lines. It is thought to play a core role in explosive energy conversion of magnetic energy into heat and kinetic energy in solar flares, magnetospheric substorms, and tokamak disruptions. According to the Sweet-Parker theory, it is, however, difficult to conduct magnetic reconnection efficiently enough in a highly conductive plasma such as in the solar corona. Petschek proposed another reconnection theory, in which small magnetic diffusion region realizes efficient reconnection with the energy conversion occurring in slow mode MHD shocks. However, recent numerical simulations suggest that Petschek reconnection is not stable in a system with spatially uniform resistivity. Some mechanism such as anomalous resistivity is needed to sustain the localized diffusion region. It is, therefor, not clear yet whether Petschek reconnection can occur spontaneously.

We perform resistive MHD simulation in a large system with a high spatial resolution, and find that slow mode MHD shocks predicted by Petschek spontaneously form even under a uniform resistivity. In this process, fast motion of large plasmoids in the current sheet play a role of localizing the diffusion region, and slow mode shocks form in front of the moving plasmoids. These plasmoids enhance magnetic reconnection intermittently and repeatedly because plasmoids are ejected and formed repeatedly. As a result, the reconnection rate increases up to 0.02, which is high enough to explain the time-scale of solar flares. Furthermore, our simulation suggests that the obtained reconnection rate doesn’t depend on the Lundquist number. This is due to a similarity in the evolution of plasmodia.

public/hinode9/schedule/session-04p/v0090.txt · Last modified: 2015/07/30 01:08 (external edit)

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